Pink Floyd (pɪŋk flɔɪd) is a British rock band from London, England. The group debuted with a first album of psychedelic music and then branched out to progressive rock. Formed in 1965, he is considered a pioneer and a major representative of these musical styles. He is known for his planing and experimental music, his philosophical and satirical texts, his concept albums and his concert performances, both original and elaborate. From its beginnings to today, the band has sold nearly 300 million albums around the world,. In the United States alone, sales of Pink Floyd's albums are counted by the RIAA to the tune of 75 million copies.
Initially led by guitarist Syd Barrett, the band had a modest success in the mid-1960s, becoming one of London's most popular underground bands on the psychedelic scene. However, Barrett's increasingly unstable behavior (mainly due to his high LSD consumption) led other members to replace him with David Gilmour, a childhood friend of Barrett. The bassist Roger Waters will gradually become the leader of the group, signing all the lyrics from 1972. Pink Floyd acquires the following year a world celebrity with The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), the third best-selling album of all time, behind AC / DC's Back in Black and Michael Jackson's Thriller.
The band continued success in the 1970s with Wish You Were Here (1975), Animals (1977) and The Wall (1979), the latter giving rise to a film adaptation. But tensions in the group appear over time. During the tour of The Wall, keyboardist Richard Wright is partially excluded from the group (Wright will resign after the tour) by Roger Waters, who takes full control. After an album, The Final Cut (1983), of which he is the sole author, Waters left the group in 1985. In 1987, David Gilmour and Nick Mason, the remaining members, decided to record a new album without Waters and in re-enlisting Richard Wright on the album A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987) then on The Bell Division (1994) while performing again in concert, then the group puts its activities dormant in 1996.
The various members then meet on a few occasions in the 2000s. Pink Floyd in his most famous formation (with Gilmour, Mason, Waters and Wright) gives his last public performance on July 2, 2005 during Live 8 in London. The event spawned many rumors of group reformation, denied by David Gilmour and lapsed with the death of Richard Wright in 2008. Nevertheless, a final album entitled The Endless River, consisting of records not used during the sessions of The Bell Division (1994), is published in November 2014.