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Richard William "Rick" Wright was born on July 28, 1943 in Hatch End, Middlesex, England. Pianist, keyboardist, singer and authorcomposer, we will always remember him for his career with Pink Floyd.

It had a touch of richly textured keyboard, still vital ingredient and a distinctive feature of Pink Floyd's sound. He sings frequently as backstage voice, occasionally as the lead voice on stage and in the studio with, notably on "Time", "Echoes", "Astonomy Domine" and "Matilda Mother".

Although he is not an authorprolific composer, in comparison with Syd Barrett, and later with other members of the band such as Waters and Gilmour, he contributed to important parts of the music for "Meddle", "Dark Side of the Moon", "Wish You Were Here "," The Bell Division "and" Endless River ", this last album released a few years after his death, and composed of pieces developed during the album" The Bell Division ".

His father was leading biochemist at Unigate Dairies. He grew up in the Hatch End, north of London, and was educated at 'Haberdashers' Aske's School'.

Rick learned to play the guitar at the age of 12, fromhe even played trumpet and piano. He takes private lessons in music theory and composition at the Eric Gilder Music School. With some uncertainty about a musical career, he enrolled at the Regent Street Polytechnic in 1962.

This is where he meets Roger Waters and Nick Mason, and with them founded what was first called "The Pink Floyd Sound" in 1965. With them he had previously been part of "Sigma 6 "and" The Screaming Abdabs ", but unlike Waters and Mason, he had little interest in architecture and after only a year of study, he left to begin studies at the" London College of Music "

In the early days of Pink Floyd, Wright was a prominent musical force in the band, but not as much as Barrett, though he wrote and sang several songs of his own composition between 1967 and 1968. Though not credited as as singer on "The Piper At The Gate Of Dawn", he has sung on songs written by Syd Barrett such as "Astronomy Domine" and "Matilda Mother", as well as notable contributions to the harmonies on "The Scarecrow" and "Chapter" 24 ". Examples of his earlier compositions include "Remember A Day", "See-Saw "," Paint Box "and" It Would Be So Nice ". As the band's sound and objectives have evolved, Wright has become less interested in writing and has chosen to focus primarily on the contribution of his distinctive style to extended instrumental compositions such as "Cirrus Minor", "Interstellar Overdrive", "A Saucerful of Secrets", "Careful With That Ax, Eugene", "One Of These Day" and musical themes for the film scores of "More", "Zabriskie Point", and "Obscured By Clouds".

He has also made essential contributions with Pink Floyd, epic compositions like "Atom Heart Mother", "Echoes" (on which he sang as lead singer), and "Shine On You Crazy Diamond". His most popular compositions are "The Great Gig in The Sky" and "Us and Them" from the album "The Dark Side of The Moon". It has also contributed significantly to other classics of thePink Floyd period as "Breathe" and "Time", as lead singer on verses, alternating with David Gilmour.

He recorded his first solo project, "Wet Dream", and released it in September 1978, with minimal commercial success. Battling personal problems and his increasingly chaotic relationship with Roger Waters, he forced him to resign from Pink Floyd during the "The Wall" sessions, which threatened to end the recording of the film. album if Wright did not leave the band. However, he was retained as a session musician, and as an employee during subsequent concerts to promote this album in 1980 and 1981. Ironically, Wright was the only one to profit financially from these extremely spectacular shows, the net financial loss before be supported by the remaining three full-time members. He was the only member of the group not to attend the premiere of the film version of "The Wall – The Movie "of 1982. In 1983, Pink Floyd launched the only album on which Wright did not appear," The Final Cut ".

In 1984, he formed a new musical duet with Dave Harris (Fashion group) called Zee. They signed a recording contract with EMI Records and released a single album, "Identity," which was a commercial and criticized flop. Wright once again worked as a salaried musician alongside Pink Floyd after Waters left. Due to legal and contractual issues of his "mercenary" status during the "The Wall Word Tour" tour, his photo was not included on the 1987 album "A Momentary Lapse of Reason" and his name was inscribed in smaller letters than those of Mason and Gilmour. In 1994, when his reinstatement into the group became official, he co-authoredwrote five songs and sang as lead singer on a song, "Wearing the Inside Out" on Pink Floyd's upcoming album, "The Bell Division". This recording provided material for the P.U.L.S.E live double album in 1995. Wright, like Nick Mason, will have performed on each Pink Floyd tour.
In 1996, inspired by his successful debut in "The Division Bell," Wright released his second solo album, "Broken China," with contributions from Sinead O'Connor on vocals, Pino Palladino on bass, and Manu Katché on drums. , Dominic Miller (known for playing guitar with Sting), and Tim Renwick, another Pink Floyd associate, on the electric guitar. "Broken China" marked a new phase in Rick Wright's style and artistic style, with extensive use of computer-assisted recording and production techniques, assisted by Anthony Moore, with whom he co-authoredwrite the lyrics of the album.

On July 2, 2005, Wright, Gilmour and Mason were joined by Roger Waters on stage for the first time since "The Wall" concerts for "Live 8" in London. Wright underwent eye cataract surgery in November 2005, preventing him from attending Pink Floyd's induction into the UK Music Hall of Fame. Waters, who was also unable to attend the band's induction because of rehearsals for the opening of his opera "Ça Ira" in Rome, appeared live on video and said, at the joke:
"Rick did not have an operation in the eyes, he and I fled to Rome and we are happy to live in a small apartment off Via Veneto".

Wright's last live performance was "The Madcaps Last Laugh", a tribute concert to the Barbican in London on May 10, 2007. It was organized by Joe Boyd in memory of Syd Barrett, who had died in July of the same year . Boyd brought together many guest musicians, all of whom paid tribute to Syd Barrett. Those-They included Captain Sensible, Chrissie Hynde, Damon Albarn, Kevin Ayers, Kate McGarrigle with Martha Wainwright and Lily Lankin, Mike Heron, Robin Hitchcock, Nick Laird Clowes, and Roger Waters. Pink Floyd, with David Gilmour, Nick Mason and Rick Wright, appeared at the end of the show as surprise guests, where they played the song that had started this whole adventure, "Arnold Layne" with Wright singing.

Wright married his first wife, Juliette Gale, in 1965. They had two children, James and Gala, and divorced in 1982. He married his second wife, Franka, in 1984, and divorced in 1994. He then married his third wife, Mildred "Millie" Hobbes (to whom he dedicates his second solo album, "Broken China") in 1996, with whom he had a son, Ben. Their marriage ended in 2007. In 1996, Wright's daughter, Gala married Guy Pratt, a session musician who played bass for Pink Floyd and David Gilmour since Waters left. In his later years, Wright lived in France and spent time on his yacht, which he owned in the Virgin Islands.

Wright died of cancer, undisclosed, and virulent, in his home in the United KingdomUnited on September 15, 2008, at the age of 65 years. At the time of his death, he was working on a new solo album, which was designed to include a series of instrumental pieces. His estate has been valued at more than $ 34 million. His death puts an end to a possible meeting of Pink Floyd.

David Gilmour will say;

"No one can replace Rick Wright. He was my musical partner and my friend. In the jumble of arguments about who Pink Floyd was, Rick's enormous contribution has often been forgotten. He was sweet, modest and private … but his soulful voice and play were vital, magical components of our most recognizable Pink Floyd sound. I have never played with someone like him. The mix of his voice and mine and our musical telepathy reached their first major bloom in 1971 on "Echoes". In my opinion, all the greatest moments of Pink Floyd are those where it is at its maximum. After all, without "Us and Them" and "The Great Gig in the Sky", both written by him, what would have been "The Dark Side of The Moon"? Without his calm touch, the album "Wish You Were Here" would not have quite worked out. In our middle years, for many reasons, he lost his way for a while, but in the early '90s with' The Bell Division ', his vitality, a spark, and humor returned to him, then the reaction of the public to his appearances during my tour in 2006 was extremely uplifting … and it is a mark of his modesty, that these ovations were received as a huge surprise for him … but not for the rest of 'between us. Like Rick, I can not find the words to express my feelings, but I loved him and he will miss me so much. "


Roger Waters will say;

"I was very sad to hear Rick's untimely death. I knew he had been sick, but the end came suddenly, and shocking. My thoughts are with his family, especially (his children) Jamie and Gala, and their mom Juliet, whom I knew very well in the past days, and whom I have always loved and admired. As for the man and his work, it is difficult to exaggerate the importance of his musical voice with Pink Floyd of the '60s and' 70s. The intriguing, jazz-influenced, modulations and sound systems so familiar to "Us and Them" and "The Great Gig in the Sky", which lent their extraordinary humanity and majesty, to these two compositions, are ubiquitous throughout the work collaboration, which we have done in these times. Rick's ear for harmonic progression was our bedrock. I am very grateful for the opportunity that Live 8 offered me to engage with him, David and Nick for the last time. I wish there were more.


Nick Mason will say;

"Like any group, you can never quite quantify who does what. But Pink Floyd would not have been Pink Floyd if we had not had Rick. I think there is a feeling now, especially after all the wars that were going on with Roger and David, trying to make clear what their contributions were, what canto be Rick entrenched himself behindplan. Because the sound of Pink Floyd is more than guitar, bass, and drums. Rick was the sound that knit it all together. He was by far the quietest of the group, from day one. And, I think, probably the most difficult to know, than the rest of us. It's almost the same as George Harrison. You forget, in a way, what they did, much more than the credit we give them. "


ITS INSTRUMENTS;
In the early days of the band, Wright poked the brass before settling on the Farfisa organ as his main instrument on stage (in addition to piano and Hammond organ in the studio). For a brief period in 1969, he played the vibraphone on several of the band's songs and in some shows, and even played trombone on "Biding My Time". During Pink Floyd's years of training with Syd Barrett, Wright relied heavily on his Farfisa organ, through a Binson Echorec, to achieve distinctive sounds that helped take advantage of their "psychedelic rock band". He used a Mellotron on "See-Saw "," Atom Heart Mother "and" Sysyphus "from the album Ummagumma. He began using a Hammond organ regularly on stage thereafter, and a grand piano, later became part of his live concert setup when "Echoes" was added to the regular "set list" list. from Pink Floyd. For the 70s tours centered around The Dark Side of the Moon, Wish You Were Here, Animals and The Wall, the Farfisa was abandoned he did the tour, with Gilmour, "On an Island"), and a display of other instruments were added to the lineup, such as: Fender Rhodes, Wurlitzer and a Hohner electric piano, VCS 3, Minimoog, ARP Strong Together, and Prophet 5 synthesizers. From 1987 he favored the Kurzweil digital synthesizer to produce his analog synth sounds, even though he was still using his favorite Hammond organ C-3. The one he used with Pink Floyd at Live 8 and with David Gilmour, however, was a portable version, stripped of unnecessary weight and put in a more compact package and produced by Keyboard Products of Los Angeles.




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