Pink Floyd is a British progressive and psychedelic rock band formed in 1965 in London. He is considered a pioneer and a major representative of these musical styles.
He is known for his planing and experimental music, his philosophical and satirical texts, his concept albums and his concert performances, both original and elaborate. From its beginnings to today, the group has sold nearly three hundred million albums worldwide,. In the United States alone, sales of Pink Floyd's albums are counted by the RIAA to the tune of 75 million copies.
Initially led by guitarist Syd Barrett, the band had a modest success in the mid-1960s, becoming one of London's most popular underground bands on the psychedelic scene. However, Barrett's increasingly unstable behavior (apparently caused by too much LSD consumption) led other members to replace him with David Gilmour, a childhood friend of Barrett. After the departure of the latter, the bassist Roger Waters gradually becomes the leader of the group, signing all the lyrics from 1972. Pink Floyd acquires the following year a world celebrity with The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), the third best-selling album of all time, behind Back in Black and Thriller.
The group is chaining successes in the 1970s with Wish You Were Here (1975), Animals (1977) and The Wall (1979), the latter giving rise to a cinematographic adaptation. But tensions in the group appear over time. During the tour The Wall, keyboardist Richard Wright is partially excluded from the group (Wright will resign after the tour) by Roger Waters, who takes full control. After an album, The Final Cut (1983), of which he is the sole author, Waters left the group in 1985. In 1987, David Gilmour and Nick Mason, the remaining members, decided to record a new album without Waters and reinstating Richard Wright on the album A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987) then on The Bell Division (1994) while performing again in concert, then the group puts its activities to sleep in 1996.
The various members then meet on a few occasions in the 2000s. Pink Floyd in his most famous formation (with Gilmour, Mason, Waters and Wright) gives his last public performance on during Live 8 in London.
Nevertheless, an ultimate album with the title The Endless River, consisting of records not used in The Bell Division (1994), is published in November 2014.
- Here are the main members of the group, in other words those who participated in the group's recording career. For more information about them, their collaboration with other projects and their solo production, the reader can refer to detailed articles about them.
- Syd Barrett (born in Cambridge on , and dead the ): Songwriter, singer and guitarist from 1964 to 1968;
- David Gilmour (born in Grantchester on ): Songwriter, singer and guitarist from 1968 to 2014;
- Nick Mason (born in Birmingham on ): Drummer and percussionist from 1964 to 2014;
- Roger Waters (born in Surrey in Great Bookham ): Songwriter, bassist, singer and guitarist from 1964 to 1985;
- Richard Wright (born in London, , and dead the ): Songwriter, keyboardist and singer from 1964 to 1981, then from 1987 to 1996.
Nick Mason summarized the group's evolution with humor: "On board the Floyd(I was) under the orders of demanding and sometimes intransigent captains. The first was the crazy Captain (Syd) Barrett. His shining eyes of treasure stories and strange visions almost led us to disaster, until the mutiny pushed us under the command of the cruel Roger (Waters) … A little later, Roger was going to inflict the execution of the board and be replaced by the seaman second class (David) Gilmour. (?) I stayed at the ship's cook position. "
- The group's first reunion was at the funeral of Pink Floyd manager Steve O'Rourke on November 14, 2003 at Chichester Cathedral in Sussex, England. David Gilmour performed alone Fat Old Sun then The Great Gig In the sky, where he was joined by Nick Mason and Richard Wright.
- The full group (without Syd Barrett) has exceptionally reformed on July 2, 2005 during Live 8.
- He also reformed, this time without Roger Waters, on May 31, 2006, during the last concert of David Gilmour at the Royal Albert Hall in London, where he is joined by Nick Mason on the two final titles, Wish You Were Here and comfortably Numb, thus restoring the group of the Gilmour period time of two pieces. Richard Wright was part of Gilmour's tour group, along with Jon Carin, Guy Pratt (both touring Pink Floyd's 1987 and 1994 tour) and Dick Parry (saxophonist on several of the band's albums)
- Then on May 10, 2007 during a tribute concert to Syd Barrett where the band performed Arnold Layne.
- They also re-formed on May 12, 2011, during a tour concert The Wall Roger Waters, where Nick Mason and David Gilmour came together to perform Outside The Wall.
- Finally, the last reformation was in 2014 for the album The Endless River, although a tour is unlikely because of the death of Richard Wright.
In 1962, Roger Waters, Syd Barrett and David Gilmour live in the same city, Cambridge. They introduce each other to the learning of folk and rock guitar. Roger Waters meets Nick Mason and Richard Wright while studying at the Polytechnique in London. Syd Barrett prepares Fine Arts and David Gilmour, whose parents emigrated to the United States, moved to France.
In the fall of 1965, Waters, Mason and Wright formed a pop band, Architectural Abdabs, after a failed test under the name of Sigma 6. The band also consisted of Clive Metcalf (guitar), Juliette Gale and Keith Noble (vocals) . The style of this formation is rather Rock-Rhythm and blues.
Six songs were recorded under the band including Syd Barrett, Rado Klose, Nick Mason, Roger Waters, Richard Wright and Juliette Gale. They were remastered during the year 2015 under the title Pink Floyd 1965 – Their First Recordings which contains the following titles: Lucy Leave, Double O Bo, Remember Me, Butterfly (author Syd Barrett), Walk With Me Sydney (Roger Waters), I'm a King Bee (Slim Harpo). The first two titles and the last one had already been released on bootlegs, but this is the first time that these prePink Floyd tracks can be listened to with such quality of sound.
The group meets at one of their professors at the Polytechnic of London, Mike Leonard, and takes the name of Leonard's Lodgers for a time. Leonard makes lighting machines projected on the walls, forming psychedelic forms. The group decides to start playing their instruments by taking inspiration from the shapes displayed on the wall.
In the spring of 1966, Architectural Adbads or Leonard's Lodgers, who also changed their name to Screaming Adbads, The Meggadeaths, and Tea Set, broke up as Keith Noble and Clive Metcalf quit. Juliette Gale marries Richard Wright. The latter decides, with Waters and Mason, to form a new group, while Bob Klose will leave them very quickly, allowing the group to develop psychedelia in their music, which was previously focused on rhythm'n'blues, as shown by the six records mentioned above.
The debut with Syd Barrett (1966-1968)
In 1966, the group consists of Syd Barrett (guitar, vocals, composition), Richard Wright (keyboards), Roger Waters (bass) and Nick Mason (drums and percussion). Training begins to occur in the Cambridge area. Meanwhile, David Gilmour plays in France in the Flowers.
One of the group's original names, Tea Set, is abandoned after the band has been featured with another group of the same name. Barrett has a new name, The Pink Floyd Sound, a reference to two blues musicians, Pink Anderson and Floyd Council.
Contrary to a persistent French idea, Pink Floyd does not mean "flamingo", "flamingo" translating into English as " flamingo ". Rather, he expresses and recalls the importance of American blues and rhythm and blues for the 1960s English rock scene. In fact, the particular sound of the first quartet was forged during the long blues standard improvisations that the band was playing on stage. The Sound and the Tea will soon be abandoned. Propelled in front of the London underground scene thanks to the periodical International Times and at the UFO Club concerts organized by John Hopkins and Joe Boyd, the group develops compositions mainly by Syd Barrett, which offer a mix of American psychedelic rock, whimsy British and of course blues, especially in guitar solos. Years later, he will still arrive at the band to finish the concert on an improvisation of blues.
Interstellar Overdrive, Arnold Layne, See Emily Play and The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967)
On March 6, 1967, the band first appeared on British TV, on Granada TV, in Manchester, and performed there Interstellar Overdrive.
The group signed a contract with the record company EMI in 1967 and released two 45s, Arnold Layne April 11 and See Emily Play June 16th. Arnold Layne is banned from the airwaves for his supposedly explicit lyrics, but still reaches the top 20.
Released on , the first album of the band, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (name from chapter of Wind in the willows by Kenneth Grahame), is considered a typical example of British psychedelic folk. The album is a hit in the UK, but not in the United States. On November 14, the band starts a tour with Jimi Hendrix? What gives him a certain notoriety? the Move, Amen Corner and Nice. At London's Royal Albert Hall, Nice guitarist David O'List replaces Syd Barrett, who has been down since returning from the United States.
Departure from Syd Barrett, A Saucerful of Secrets (1968)
In 1968, Syd Barrett suffered from a nervous breakdown attributed to prolonged use of psychedelic drugs (mainly LSD), pressure from group life, recordings and permanent tours. His stage performances are limited to playing the same note throughout the evening. Barrett's behavior in everyday life has become unpredictable: he forgets where he is, does not go to concerts. During a concert, in full bad trip of acid, he tears the strings of his guitar and runs away. To allow the group to play, the other members invite the guitarist David Gilmour, returned to London, to join the group to ensure the shows. He is officially integrated in the training on January 7th. Gilmour is responsible for the guitar and vocal parts normally performed by Barrett. Pink Floyd played five for a very short time, until Syd Barrett, who was totally unable to play on stage, was banned for good on April 6th. He will release two solo albums before retiring peacefully from the musical life.
If Barrett wrote most of the first record, The Piper at the Gates of Dawnhe contributes little to the second, A Saucerful of Secrets, which was released in 1968. The group having lost its principal songwriter, it is now the contributions of Richard Wright and Roger Waters that will take over, before David Gilmour, by his guitar playing and his voice, takes no more importance still in the new sound of the band.
End of an era, December 17, Pink Floyd released what will be his last English single for more than twenty years: Point Me at the Sky is a commercial failure and confirms the group in its desire to favor for its music format album.
The years 1969-1985
From 1969, Roger Waters will gradually take more and more importance in the group, in terms of creative direction, until considering the group only as a simple performer of his compositions, in The Final Cut.
In search of a new identity (1969-1971)
In 1969, Pink Floyd is deprived of its leader. The challenge is important: the band must rebuild an identity, keeping the paternity of Syd Barrett while renewing its repertoire.
more and Ummagumma (1969)
The first album without Syd Barrett will be the soundtrack of the film more of Barbet Schroeder. The latter is distinguished by a sound acid folk and even heavy metal with The Nile Song. The soundtrack will be released on July 27 at Columbia.
The next disc, Ummagumma (September-October 1969) is a double album. On the first record, he presents recordings of stage performances by the group and, on the second, experiments signed separately by each member. This is the first time the public has discovered on disc, apart from the pirate recordings, the sound of the group in concert.
During the year 1969, the four musicians of Pink Floyd have the idea of sticking end to end pieces from their repertoire, to add other unreleased, and thus to present on stage conceptual suites around an idea-force. Two works are thus born: The Journey ("The journey"), and The Man ("The Man"), first fruits of the future creations of the group. They are played from the spring of 1969 until the beginning of the year 1970.
After this album, Pink Floyd gradually moves away from psychedelia to produce compositions more clearly marked by progressive rock.
The turning point to progressive rock: Zabriskie Point and Atom Heart Mother (1970)
They participate in the music of the film Zabriskie Point by Michelangelo Antonioni whose soundtrack was released in . Despite some dissatisfaction of the director, who only keeps some of the pieces proposed by the group, the theme and aesthetics of the film correspond to what Pink Floyd was doing at the time.
The album Atom Heart Mother, released October 10, 1970, is a good example of the new artistic pretensions that many rock bands aim for at the same time. The two instrumental pieces that start and finish the record? the first, long, twenty-three-minute homonymous series for which orchestra and chorus Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast, collage of sounds of a breakfast (taken by Alan Stiles, a roadie group) interspersed with short musical passages? place the group in the lap of the musical avant-garde. For the orchestration and composition of the title track, the band called on Ron Geesin who had already collaborated, the same year, with Roger Waters on the album Music from the Body.
Stanley Kubrick allegedly asked Roger Waters for permission to use Atom Heart Mother for his film Clockwork Orange (1971). This permission is denied because the group considers that, out of context, the music would be meaningless. The group later regretted this decision after viewing Kubrick's work.(Ref. Required)
The ascent: Meddle and Obscured by Clouds (1971-1972)
Released on November 5, 1971, Meddle is probably the album that dedicated Pink Floyd as one of the major bands of the time thanks to One of These Days, become a classic of their concerts, and especially Echoes, a title twenty-three minutes long, with long instrumental passages and hovering. A persistent legend wants thatEchoes, the last piece of the album, be synchronized with the last section of the film 2001, the Space Odyssey directed by Stanley Kubrick, released three years earlier. Moreover, it is Meddle which will clearly define the sound of Pink Floyd as progressive, that is to say, long and complex parts often divided into several movements, which had begun the previous album, Atom Heart Mother.
Obscured by Clouds (1972)
Finally, Obscured by Clouds (1972), recorded soundtrack at Château d'Hérouville (95) for a new film by Barbet Schroeder, The valley, confirms the path taken by the group. That same year, the group turns a concert in Pompeii in Italy which detonates by its total absence of public: the group plays alone in the middle of the ruins of the Roman city. For many, this concert, released in theaters in 1972, is the type of "Pink Floyd sound", progressive and hovering. At this concert, the band, taking up the concept of the song Seamus (sure Meddle), makes "singing" a dog playing very probably on the acoustic sensitivity of these animals to the saturations of a harmonica: the title Miss Nobs remains musically strange. It should be remembered that, at that time, Pink Floyd played his new compositions on stage before recording them in the studio, so their names have varied until the publication of the records. This was true until Animals, or Sheeps, Dogs and Pigs have been played on tour well before the release of the album, as The Dark Side of the Moon. The Miss Nobs is a reminiscence of this process.
The climax (1973-1979)
The Dark Side of the Moon (1973)
It's the that sort The Dark Side of the Moonwho, with the following three albums, Wish You Were Here, Animals and The Wall, forms a series of albums often considered as the most accomplished of the career of Pink Floyd. David Gilmour refutes accusations of commercial temptation when the album The Dark Side of the Moon a massive success in 1973, thanks in particular to the title Money. This album remains in the American top 200 for a total of seventeen weeks, more than nineteen years. It is still a historical record today. It's the third best-selling album of all time, with sales estimated at between 45 and 50 million copies,,. His cover, a work of the graphic firm of Storm Thorgerson (Hipgnosis), friend of the group that made the covers of previous albums, representing the dispersion of light through a prism, has remained famous. The Dark Side of the Moon is a concept album whose dominant themes are old age (Time), madness (Brain Damage) And the dead (The Great Gig in the Sky). It's a technically elaborate album, with the use of a new sixteen track recorder at Abbey Road Studios, the talent of sound engineer and producer Alan Parsons, the tracks are meticulously shackled, David Gilmour's guitar is mesmerizing; Richard Wright plays his synthesizers so innovatively that it will set the example for a whole musical trend, especially in Germany.
After the success of The Dark Side of the Moon, the group finds more inspiration, despite his desire to produce an album that would constitute a "worthy successor" of their previous album. So, at the end of 1973, he launched recording sessions for a new album that would not contain any conventional instruments, using only household utensils to create the music and tentatively called The Household Objects. Members of the group engage in experiments with different common objects, such as rolls of tape, bottles of wine and aerosols. Roger Waters explains:
- "We tried to make an album without using any musical instrument. It seemed like a good idea then, but it did not work out. We needed a break because we were tired and tired. It was believed that because The Dark Side of the Moon had been so successful, it was the end. We had reached the goal we had been aiming for since we were teenagers, and for us, there was nothing else to do in terms of rock 'n' roll.
Wish You Were Here (1975)
Finally, the group drops the project The Household Objects for the benefit of the song Shine On You Crazy Diamond, which will form the major piece of the next album, Wish You Were Here, released in 1975.
Tensions begin to emerge during the recording, but the efforts of the members generate a touching album. The main piece, Shine On You Crazy Diamond, is a long tribute to Syd Barrett whose spirit seems to continue to haunt the band. Welcome to the Machine and Have a Cigar are harsh critics of the record industry. The title track is focused as the entire album on the theme of absence (including that of Barrett). Shine On You Crazy Diamond opens and closes the album, in two parts that are separated (a decision taken during recording) by the other songs.
During the recording of this album, Syd Barrett appeared in the studio. Group members did not recognize him right away as he had changed,. Indeed, he had gained weight, and had completely shaved. His presence caused great emotion among his old friends. The latter were overwhelmed by the degeneration of his state of mental health.
In 1977, the album Animals fate, in reaction to the fact that the band is increasingly criticized and stigmatized by the punk movement for which it symbolizes the slackening and pretension of rock, far from the simplicity of the beginnings of rock 'n' roll. The guitar, however, has a much greater influence on this album than its predecessors, and a bill more rock. It contains long pieces linked by a common theme, borrowed in part from Animal Farm of writer George Orwell, where pigs (Pigs on the Wing, Pigs (Three Different Ones), dogs (Dogs) and sheep (Sheep) are a metaphor for contemporary society. The cover of the album represents the Battersea Power Station flown over by a huge pig ordered for the occasion at a Dutch factory of zeppelins. The wire connecting the pig to the ground having given way, the balloon flies away and is finally found in a field near Canterbury. The cover of some editions of the album also contains copies of press clippings explaining that the Royal Air Force intervened to intercept the "flying pig". Said inflatable pig becomes thereafter a recurring element of the group's concerts, sometimes adapted to the circumstances. So, the pigs of the following tour The Wall are black and bear the emblem of crossed hammers on the flank.
The theme of the wall came to the mind of Waters as a result of a concert of the promotional tour ofAnimals (entitled In the Flesh), at the Montreal Olympic Stadium, the . Waters, enraged by the rowdy behavior of the public, spits in the face of a particularly noisy spectator,. This episode inspires him the idea of an artist who would build a wall between him and his public, idea which will become the pivot of the album The Wall.
Waters had lamented the impersonal character of the huge stadium in Montreal. He said to have felt there a sense of alienation that is a foundation of the concept of the album.
Moreover, the stadium imagined by Gérald Scarfe inside the cover of the album as well as in the film is visibly inspired by the Olympic Stadium, with its masts similar to that, remained half completed until 1986, from the Montreal stadium.
The Wall (1979)
At the end of 1978, Roger Waters presents to the other members of the group two album projects: The Wall whose main themes are the "wall" separating the artist from his fans and the alienation of the individual by society, and The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking who describes his own fantasies. Finding it too personal, they choose The Wall ; the second will be the subject of a Waters solo album recorded in 1984.
Criticism greets with enthusiasm The Wall when the album comes out in . Some sentences extracted from the texts will mark the spirits, as We do not need no education, we do not need sure Another Brick in the Wall (Part 2). It marks the beginning of a collaboration between the band, composer Michael Kamen and producer Bob Ezrin.
This album, prelude to a series of concerts whose logistics are so heavy that the tour will cover only four places and will be immortalized in 2000 by the release of a double album live Is There Anybody Out There? The Wall Live 1980-81, testifies to the growing influence of Roger Waters, despite the enormous musical work, often underestimated, David Gilmour (who officially signs the music of three titles: Young Lust, Comfortably Numb and Run Like Hell but having in fact greatly participated in other compositions and major arrangements). The other members of the group suffered the domineering will of Waters, not without shock, and Richard Wright is finally excluded from the group by Waters during the recording sessions of the album, however playing as accompaniment musician during the tour. Ironically, he will be the only one to benefit from the tour, as the other three members of the group had to pay the heavy costs themselves.
The film The Wall, based on Alan Parker's self-titled album, hit theaters in 1982, starring Bob Geldof as Pink. It contains almost no dialogue, leaving room for the songs of the album, with some variations, for example When the Tigers Broke Free is only played in the movie, and Hey You only on the album. The filmed scenes alternate with animations by Gerald Scarfe.
The influence of Roger Waters and the dissolution (1983-1985)
The Final Cut (1983)
In 1983 released the album The Final Cut, dark and atypical album that is called Pink Floyd but is presented on the cover as a work "Roger Waters performed by Pink Floyd" without Richard Wright. The bass player develops several ideas already present in The Wall, like the pain caused by the absence of his father (to whom the album is dedicated), and violently attack Margaret Thatcher who then launched the United Kingdom in the Falklands war against Argentina. The relations between the members of the group then became hateful. Nick Mason is even replaced by another drummer on the last song of the album, Two Suns in the Sunset, while Gilmour is relegated to his role as guitarist and only sings a song, Not Now John. Although he reaches the first place charts in the UK, the album is not selling very well, ending a decade of global glory.
The dissolution of the group by Roger Waters (1985)
Not legally able to dissolve the group, Roger Waters announces that he left Pink Floyd in 1985, saying that it will not survive his departure since he became the main creative force. He produces in this stride The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking which, like other solo albums, is a commercial failure. In spite of that, Waters fills the halls with the titles of Pink Floyd (tours The Dark Side of the Moon and The Wall).
From the album The Dark Side of the MoonRoger Waters is the band's only songwriter, whereas on previous albums, this feature was often shared with Gilmour and Wright. Despite his stranglehold on the lyrics and the fact that he signs the majority of the lyrics and music of The Wall, the result will show that the soul of the group is in the musical ensemble formed by the members of the group. Roger Waters will also have relative commercial failures with his solo albums. Because even if The Final Cut was considered the first solo album of Roger Waters, the presence of Mason and especially the voice and guitar of Gilmour? Richard Wright having been ousted from the group during the tour of The Wall ? ensure a musicality that Waters will not fully find, even playing in public note to note the scores of other members of the group during his solo tours.
After the forced break-up of the group by Waters, all of its members are dedicated to solo projects. In March 1984, it appears About Face, the second solo album of Gilmour (the first was released in 1978), followed in April by the single album of the band Zee (formed by Wright and Dave Harris), Identity. The following year, Mason releases the album profiles in collaboration with Rick Fenn. Richard Wright's first solo album is titled Wet Dreams.
A Momentary Lapse of Reason and the tour Delicate Sound of Thunder (1986-1988)
David Gilmour relaunches Pink Floyd (1986)
David Gilmour, in 1986, decided to revive the group with Nick Mason, wanting to contradict the idea that Roger Waters had. Roger Waters then starts a lawsuit because he challenges the right in the name of the group without his presence. This battle deeply affects the members, including Nick Mason who states: "It is unfortunate to have to stop the conflicts by the courts. "
A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987)
Waters will lose his cause and it is under the name of Pink Floyd that the duo released in 1987 the album A Momentary Lapse of Reason. Gilmour and Mason were joined in the studio and then on stage by Richard Wright who will be officially reinstated only after the tour, because of legal problems. He is nevertheless credited to the keyboards on the album.
A number of additional musicians are credited on the album (which was also the case, for example with Michael Kamen, on The Wall and The Final Cut).
Tony Levin, Peter Gabriel's bassist and cellist, replaces Roger Waters on bass, Scott Page, on saxophone. This is the saxophonist, guitarist and flutist among other Supertramp band during their tour of 1983 and on the album Brother Where You Bound (1985), in which David Gilmour participated.
Due to the absence of Waters, the group's main songwriter for a decade, the group must be helped to write the texts.
David Gilmour co-writes the lyrics of Learning To Fly, On the Turning Away and Dogs of War with Antony Moore, and those of Yet Another Movie with Pat Leonard.
As for the music, they are all signed David Gilmour with the exception of Signs of Life, co-signed with Bob Ezrin.
Round and Around, A New Machine Part I and II, Frost Terminal and Sorrow are David Gilmour lyrics and music.
Delicate Sound of Thunder (1988)
This album allows a gigantic tour that sees Roger Waters be replaced by Guy Pratt. Pink Floyd then executes the entire album A Momentary Lapse of Reason and the best-known songs of the band, such as Money, Shine On You Diamond Crazy or comfortably Numb. This tour gives rise to a disc and a film named Delicate Sound of Thunder.
The Bell Division (1994)
It's a closer group coming out The Bell Division in 1994, on which we again note the participation of Michael Kamen and the important contribution to the words of Polly Samson, the wife of Gilmour who co-authored seven titles out of eleven. Cet album propulse à nouveau le groupe en tête des ventes aux États-Unis et le replace au sommet, tant au niveau critique que commercial.
Il est le prélude à une gigantesque tournée mondiale, immortalisée par l'album P·U·L·S·E sorti en 1995. Le succès de l'album et de la tournée et le fait que Wright, Gilmour et Mason ont ainsi démontré leur indépendance artistique à l'égard de Waters pourraient expliquer pourquoi ce fut la dernière fois où ces musiciens ont convergé en studio pour enregistrer un nouvel album (The Endless River, en 2014, ne comportait pas de nouveaux enregistrements à proprement parler).
Plus tard, on a pu constater la force d'évocation musicale de Pink Floyd lors de la tournée solo de Gilmour de 2006 à laquelle Wright participe, ainsi que Mason pour quelques concerts. Durant cette tournée, des classiques comme Arnold Layne, Echoes, Fat old Sun, Wot's? Uh the Deal, Breathe and Time sont repris en renouant avec l'esprit d'improvisation et d'osmose musicale des concerts de Pink Floyd des années 1970. Guy Pratt remplace Waters qui, bien qu'invité, refuse officiellement pour des raisons de planning.
Rock'n'Roll Hall of Fame (1996)
Le 17 janvier 1996, Pink Floyd entre au Rock'n'Roll Hall of Fame, musée de Cleveland dans l'Ohio. La cérémonie d'intronisation se déroule à New York mais Waters est une nouvelle fois absent.
En 1997, un astéroïde est nommé (19367) Pink Floyd en l'honneur du groupe, et, en 2004, l'album phare The Dark Side of the Moon est remasterisé et réédité en son multicanal sous le format de pointe Super Audio CD. L'édition est stéréo et multicanale hybride, par conséquent lisible en qualité stéréo Compact Disc sur toute platine CD conventionnelle (incapable de reproduire la piste sonore haute définition du Super Audio CD). Cette réédition, bien que présentée sous un format peu connu du grand public, s'est vendue l'année même à plus de huit cent mille exemplaires dans le monde.
Live 8 – Dernier concert réunissant la formation classique (2005)
David Gilmour, Nick Mason, et Richard Wright rejoignent Roger Waters le temps d'un concert à l'occasion du Live 8 le 2 juillet 2005 à Hyde Park (Londres). Le groupe est alors au complet. Avant d'entamer Wish You Were Here, Roger rend hommage à son ami d'enfance Syd Barrett en ces termes : « C'est un moment émouvant, debout ici avec ces trois gars, après toutes ces années. Debout avec vous tous. Quoi qu'il en soit, nous le faisons pour ceux qui ne sont pas là, en particulier pour Syd, bien sûr. "
Le nombre de spectateurs de ce concert des Pink Floyd est estimé à trois millions. Durant la semaine qui suivit, les albums du groupe connaissent un regain de vente : selon la chaîne de magasins HMV les ventes d’Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd ont crû de 1 343 %, et Amazon indique que les ventes de The Wall ont augmenté de 3 600 %, celles de Wish You Were Here de 2 000 %, celles de The Dark Side of the Moon de 1 400 % et celles de Animals de 1 000 %. David Gilmour déclare par la suite qu'il reversera la part des profits due à ce boom des ventes à des œuvres de charité et a incité les autres artistes ayant participé au concert à faire de même.
Après le concert, des rumeurs d'une éventuelle reformation de Pink Floyd sont démenties par David Gilmour qui déclare au quotidien italien La Repubblica, alors que nombre de fans espéraient que Pink Floyd redonnerait des concerts avant la fin de 2005 : « Le groupe ? C'est terminé. On s'est juste réunis pour la bonne cause, mais franchement je n'en ai plus du tout envie? Et ça n'a rien à voir avec Roger Waters, parce que même sans lui je ne reformerai pas Pink Floyd. Jouer avec Pink Floyd demanderait trop de travail, et j'en ai marre des pressions. Je pense que maintenant ça suffit. J'ai 60 ans et je n'ai plus la volonté pour travailler autant désormais. Pink Floyd était une partie importante dans ma vie, j'ai passé un moment merveilleux, mais c'est fini. Pour moi il est beaucoup moins compliqué de travailler seul. Maintenant j'ai une vie tranquille. Je préfère bosser seul, et je le vis très bien. "
Il reviendra toutefois sur sa décision, comme on peut le voir plus bas.
David Gilmour déclare dans le magazine The Word que rejouer avec le groupe « était comme dormir auprès de son ex-femme », et qu'il n'y avait « pas de futur pour Pink Floyd ». Il a depuis confirmé à plusieurs reprises ne plus vouloir rejouer avec le groupe, notamment lors de la promotion de son album Live in Gda?sk (2008).
Selon le magazine Rock & Folk d'août 2006 (numéro 468), David Gilmour a invité Roger Waters pour le dernier concert de sa tournée On an Island à Londres. Selon Nick Mason, « David a invité Roger au Royal Albert Hall, mais ce dernier répétait et ne pouvait se rendre disponible. "
Le 31 mai 2006, lors du dernier concert de David Gilmour au Royal Albert Hall à Londres, il est rejoint par Nick Mason sur les deux titres finaux, Wish You Were Here and Comfortably Numb, reconstituant ainsi le groupe de la période Gilmour le temps de deux morceaux. En effet, Richard Wright faisait partie du groupe de tournée de Gilmour, de même que Jon Carin, Guy Pratt (tous deux ayant participé aux tournées 1987 et 1994 de Pink Floyd) et Dick Parry (saxophoniste sur plusieurs albums du groupe).
En juin 2013, Pink Floyd autorise Spotify à diffuser la totalité de son répertoire en streaming, après le succès du million de requêtes de Wish You Were Here.
Mort de Syd Barrett (2006)
The , Syd Barrett meurt à Cambridge des suites de complications liées à un cancer du pancréas. Il a 60 ans. The , Roger Waters participe au concert hommage à Syd Barrett au Barbican Centre de Londres. Plus tard dans la soirée sont annoncés « Rick Wright, David Gilmour, Nick Mason ». Pink Floyd est donc de nouveau réuni sur scène pour interpréter Arnold Layne, avec la participation de tous les artistes de la soirée pour Bike. Cependant, Roger Waters n'est présent sur aucun de ces titres, et il est le seul à, finalement, ne pas participer.
Mort de Richard Wright (2008)
Richard Wright meurt le , à 65 ans, après un court combat contre le cancer. L'idée d'une reformation de Pink Floyd est définitivement abandonnée. Néanmoins, Roger Waters et David Gilmour se réunissent le pour un concert de charité pour l'association Hoping Foundation. Dans une interview au magazine Rolling Stone de décembre 2010, Roger Waters confie qu'il projette au moins un concert de Pink Floyd durant sa tournée The Wall : « David, Nick et moi pourrions faire un show quelque part? mais pas question de nous lancer dans une tournée. » Cette réunion aura eu lieu le à l'O2 Arena de Londres où Waters a été rejoint pendant sa tournée The Wall Live par Gilmour pour interpréter Comfortably Numb, et par Mason et Gilmour sur le dernier morceau du concert Outside the Wall.
Why Pink Floyd…? Campagne de remasterisation de l’œuvre de Pink Floyd (2011)
En septembre 2011, au cours d'une campagne médiatique soutenue appelée Why Pink Floyd…?, EMI réédite le catalogue du groupe, intégralement remastérisé par James Guthrie, soit quatorze albums (à l'exception des deux live Delicate Sound of Thunder and P*U*L*S*E*).
Tous les albums studio sont remasterisés sous le nom Discovery Edition, chaque album accompagné d'un livret contenant les paroles et les crédits.
Cependant, les trois albums les plus fameux du groupe (The Dark Side of the Moon, Wish You Were Here and The Wall), ont droit en plus de la version remasterisée Discovery, à des éditions Experience and Immersion (que l'on peut qualifier respectivement d'édition Deluxe et Super-Deluxe), au contenu inédit.
The Experience editions contiennent, en plus de l'album remasterisé (pour Wish You Were Here and The Wall), des démos inédites comme les versions originelles de Raving and Drooling (précurseur de Sheep) You Gotta Be Crazy (précurseur de Dogs) et la première mouture en un seul morceau de Shine On You Crazy Diamond en versions live de 1974, les premières démos avancées de The Wall. Plus particulièrement, sur Wish You Were Here, on découvre enfin la fameuse version de la chanson homonyme comportant les soli du violoniste Stéphane Grappelli.
L'édition Experience de The Dark Side of the Moon contient, en plus de l'album, un concert inédit où l'album fut intégralement joué, à l'Empire Pool (ex-Wembley Arena) en 1974.
The Immersions editions de ces trois albums contiennent, en plus du contenu des éditions Experience, des objets de collections (livrets, photos, reproduction de tickets de concert…). Ces éditions contiennent les albums sur CD, DVD et Bluray en son multi-canal (tel le 5.1 surround), avec des démos et remix inédits, ainsi que des documentaires et des extraits de concert.
Durant cette campagne de remasterisation, EMI édite une nouvelle compilation des meilleures chansons remasterisées appelée A Foot in the Door – The Best of Pink Floyd. Le coffret Discovery est également édité, contenant les quatorze albums studio remasterisés.
Dans la foulée de ces rééditions ? qui connaissent le même succès que la remastérisation des albums des Beatles en 2009 ? Pink Floyd gagne son procès contre sa maison de disques EMI, en interdisant que celle-ci puisse vendre les chansons du groupe à l'unité sur les plates-formes de téléchargement, préservant ainsi la cohérence de l'œuvre sous forme d'albums et non de chansons disparates.
Dernier album à ce jour : The Endless River (2014)
Polly Samson, la femme du guitariste David Gilmour, annonce sur Twitter la sortie d'un nouvel album en octobre 2014, vingt ans après le dernier, The Bell Division. Il est finalement sorti le 7 novembre 2014. On y trouve des morceaux que Pink Floyd a enregistrés en 1969 et en 1993 et plus récemment. The Endless River connaît un énorme succès malgré des critiques mitigées et devient disque d'or dans de nombreux pays dès la première semaine. Il est dédié au claviériste Richard Wright, mort le 15 septembre 2008, dont le son est au cœur de la musique de Pink Floyd.
- The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (5 août 1967)
- A Saucerful of Secrets (29 juin 1968)
- More (27 juillet 1969)
- Ummagumma (25 octobre 1969) (seul le second des deux disques du double album est enregistré en studio)
- Atom Heart Mother (10 octobre 1970)
- Meddle (30 octobre 1971)
- Obscured by Clouds (3 juin 1972)
- The Dark Side of the Moon (23 mars 1973)
- Wish You Were Here (15 septembre 1975)
- Animals (23 janvier 1977)
- The Wall (30 novembre 1979)
- The Final Cut (21 mars 1983)
- A Momentary Lapse of Reason (7 septembre 1987)
- The Bell Division (30 mars 1994)
- The Endless River (10 novembre 2014)
Albums en concert
- Ummagumma (25 octobre 1969) (seul le premier des deux disques du double album est en public)
- Delicate Sound of Thunder (22 novembre 1988)
- P·U·L·S·E (6 juin 1995)
- Is There Anybody Out There? The Wall Live 1980-81 (27 mars 2000)
- Relics (14 mai 1971)
- A Nice Pair (5 décembre 1973)
- A Collection of Great Dance Songs (23 novembre 1981)
- Works (1st juin 1983)
- Shine On (2 novembre 1992)
- Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd (5 novembre 2001)
- Oh! By The Way (10 décembre 2007)
- Discovery (25 septembre 2011)
- A Foot in the Door: The Best of Pink Floyd (7 novembre 2011)
- 1970, Zabriskie Point, participation à la musique du film éponyme de Michelangelo Antonioni, notamment avec le morceau Come in Number 51, Your Time is Up, variante de Careful with That Axe, Eugene ;
- 1990, Knebworth Live (1990-06-30), Spectacle bénéfice pour Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy
- 1999, London '66-'67, avec un CD-ROM bonus (vidéo et interview) ;
- 2003, The Dark Side of the Moon en SACD (pochette spéciale à l'occasion du trentième anniversaire de l'album) ;
- 2007, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, édition spéciale 40e anniversaire (livret collector 3 CD incluant des enregistrements inédits).
- La discographie pirate de Pink Floyd, avec notamment, pour la période post-« Dark Side », le concert d'Oakland lors de la tournée Animals en mai 1977 où sont joués l'intégralité d'Animals and of Wish You Were Here (l'enregistrement s'intitule Animal Instinct).
- 1972 : Live at Pompeii, d'Adrian Maben ;
- 1982 : The Wall, un film d'Alan Parker, écrit par Roger Waters, avec Bob Geldof et des animations de Gerald Scarfe ;
- 1989 : Delicate Sound of Thunder, vidéo de la tournée de 1988 A Momentary Lapse of Reason. Uniquement en VHS et Laser-disc ;
- 1992 : La Carrera Panamericana, documentaire de course automobile ;
- 1995 : Pulse, vidéo du concert à Earl's Court, Londres ;
- 1999 : London '66-'67 ;
- 2003 : Classic Albums: The Dark Side of the Moon, collection Classic Albums ;
- 2004 : Pink Floyd – Live Anthology compilations d'archives inédites par Falcon Neue Medien ;
- 2004 : Inside Pink Floyd – A Critical Review 1967-1974 film documentaire ;
- 2004 : Inside Pink Floyd – A Critical Review 1975-1996 film documentaire ;
- 2005 : Live 8, durant lequel Pink Floyd joue, pour la dernière fois dans la formation originale, Speak To Me, Breathe, Money, Wish You Were Here and Comfortably Numb ;
- 2012 : Classic Albums: Pink Floyd – Wish You Were Here, collection Classic Albums.
Notes and references
- Nick Mason, Pink Floyd : l'histoire selon Nick Mason, E / P / A,
See as well
- Olivier Curtil, Pink Floyd : Les trois premières années, mémoire de licence en musicologie, université Lyon 2, 1981, 78 pages.
- Emmanuel Joly, sous la direction de Martin Laliberté, Le savant et le populaire dans la musique de Pink Floyd : l’exemple d’« Atom Heart Mother » (1970), mémoire de maîtrise en musicologie, Université de Dijon, 2002, 251 pages en 2 volumes.
- Sébastien Lauvernet, sous la direction de Gérard Le Vot, Pink Floyd : une monographie, mémoire de maîtrise en musicologie, université Lyon 2, 1997.
- Kathy Mouton, sous la direction de Fabien Gérard, Alan Parker : un coup de poing dans le « mur ». Analyse critique du film Pink Floyd – The Wall. Mémoire de licence en journalisme, Université libre de Bruxelles (Belgique), 1994, 190 pages.
- Michel Nierenberger, sous la direction de Jean-Rémy Julien, Contribution à la connaissance de l’orchestration des Pink Floyd, mémoire de maîtrise en musique et musicologie, Université Paris IV, 1987, 131 pages.
- Xavier Proena, sous la direction de François Decarsin, Approche de « The Wall » (Pink Floyd, 1979), mémoire de maîtrise en musique et musicologie, université Aix-Marseille I, 2001.
- Jérôme Alberola, Anthologie du rock progressif : Voyages en ailleurs, Camion blanc, , 808 p. (ISBN 978-2-357790-73-5) (7 albums chroniqués)
- Mark Blake (trans. Frédéric Valion), Pigs Might Fly : L'histoire cachée de Pink Floyd, Mascara/Tournon, , 518 p. + 16 p. de photos p. (ISBN 978-2-35144-084-1)
- Alain Dister, Jacques Leblanc, Udo Woehrle, Le livre du Pink Floyd, Albin Michel collection Rock & Folk (grand format), (ISBN 2-226-00622-2)<span id="COinS_22747" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Le+livre+du+Pink+Floyd&rft.pub=Albin+Michel&rft.aulast=Dister&rft.aufirst=Alain&
Wish You Were Here
The Great Gig in the Sky
Us and Them
On the Run
The Dark Side Of The Moon
Wish You Were Here
Wish You Were Here
The Great Gig in the Sky
Us and Them
On the Run
The Dark Side Of The Moon
Wish You Were Here